Basic knowledge of fishing: hooks, floats, settlers and basic rigging for fishing

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With all the progress made in today’s fishing world, “new realistic fancy expensive bait, flash and swim yourself” is sometimes just an ordinary ‘hook, weight and float with a large worm, min fish or otter will capture more More fish.

One of the biggest mistakes made by novice anglers is over-manipulation, the use of oversized hooks that weigh more than the weight required, and the oversized floats exhibit an unnatural appearance that reduces the ability to detect fish strikes in fishing demonstrations.

The best application is to select the lightest possible terminal tackle suitable for the condition and the species of fish.

Here, I will show you how they are used and properly assembled for successful setup.

Carry your Terminal Tackle

Get organized with a rig box with small compartments. That way you can find the appropriate hook, weight, bobber for most fishing situations.

Fishing Hooks

Usually, use the smallest hook possible. The small hook makes the live bait look natural. In the fish hit, the small hooks also penetrate the hooks faster. Always test the sharpness of the hook. A sharp hook will catch more fish than a dull hook. To test your hooks, simply draw a hook on your nails, and a sharp hook will leave a slight scratch and dig into your nails.

A dull hook will skate across your nail with out digging in. When necessary touch up the hook point by using a hook file or sharpening stone, simply draw the hook sharpener against the point of your hook a few times (parallel to the shank) on the bottom, and then take a couple of quick strokes to each side of the hook

Don’t be misled that new hooks out of the box are always sharp especially the cheap hooks that are made of soft poor quality steel. Even high quality hooks will dull over time and use by hitting rocks and debris in the water.

Another option is to use chemically sharpened hooks. Many quality hook manufactures offer a line of hooks that are made of higher grade steel and then dipped in a chemical bath which gives the hook a super sharp hook point. These hooks can be expensive compared to conventional hooks, but the advantage is a super sharp hook right out of the package. The bottom line is always use a sharp hook.

Hook Sizes

When it comes to hook size, it is often confusing. There is no standard when classifying hook sizes, and typically when using a single number, such as size 12 and size 8, the larger the number, the smaller the hook.

The classification system ranges from 1 largest to 32 smallest. To make it more confusing hooks that are sized using a fraction type, for example 5/0 ( pronounced five – aught) compared to a 1/0 the sizing system is reversed so the higher the number the larger the hook. 1/0 is the smallest up to the largest hook at 19/0

The Anatomy of a Fish Hook

The part of the hook is called: its tip – the tip of the fish or the tip of the meat; the barb – the protrusion that extends backwards from the point to prevent the fish from being unhooked; the eye – the end of the hook that is attached to the fishing line or bait Bend and calf – the point of attachment and the hook of the eye; and the gap – the distance between the calf and the point.

Popular Common Hook Types:


Light wire long shank hook, perfect for Panfish, Crappie and light biting Walleyes under a slip bobber or attached bobber rig.

The light wire limits excessive puncturing on minnows which helps them live longer on the hook, the long shank allows the angler easy removal of the hook from panfish that tends to swallow the bait.

Bait Holder

The bait holder hook is one of the most popular live bait hook styles today, the additional barbs on the shank holds the bait more effectively, such as night crawlers leeches and red worms.


Circle hooks are a excellent choice for live bait catch and release anglers. Upon a fish swallowing your bait, the inward bend of the hook point allows the hook to slide along the inside of the fish’s throat until it reaches the mouth.

A sharp pulling hook set is not required, just maintain tension and the fish will hook itself in the corner of the mouth as the fish moves away. The lip hook rate using a circle hook is about 95% it also reduces the mortality rate of fish to be released to fight another day. Very popular hook for Catfish, Sturgeon and Muskies anglers.


Commonly called salmon egg hook, designed with a turned up eye and offset bend, so the hook rides upward along with the placement of a barb on the shank which holds the bait.

The salmon egg hook is used primarily for drift fishing along current by using natural or imitation salmon eggs, spawn sacs, worms and grubs for Salmon and Trout.


The extra gap and rounded shape of Octopus hooks are very popular and used for most species of fish.

The Octopus is ideal for rigging cut bait for Catfish or Salmon, minnows for Bass, Pike and Walleyes and are good choice for building crawler harnesses.

They are available in a assortment of painted or metallic colors.


A special compound curve on the offset/rotating hook automatically turns when a fish bites on the bait.

The sweeping rotational curve places the point in position for penetration from any angle.

The offset/ rotating hook twists, holds bait better and hooks fish better.


Treble hooks are a single eye of three hooks fused together with three shanks evenly spaced.

The treble is mainly used on artificial lures and spoons attached by using a split ring.

Treble hooks today comes in a assortment of colors as well as feathers tied on as a trailer/teaser hook on lures.


The weedless hook has a light wire wrapped on the shank formed in a loop that covers the point of the hook.

This allows the hook to be fished in weeds logs, trees, stumps, rocks and lily pads. Upon a fish striking the bait the wire compresses exposing the hook point.


Worm hooks are used for fishing soft plastic’s lures. 

The front bend on a worm hook is used to lock lures such as worms and lizards from moving down the shank by simply inserting the hook point into the head of the lure down about a 1/4 inch.

Bring the hook point out of the lure, and pull the shaft of the hook through until the eye is at the head, turn the hook straight and insert the hook point into the body, adjust the eye so it is just inside the lure. Used on Texas and Carolina Rigs.

Texas Rig

The Texas rig is adaptable to all types of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. 

Fishing Weights (Sinkers)

Fishing weights (sinkers) are made from two basic materials lead and steel. The two types of sinkers are: attached on the line by pinching, twisted on using rubber insert or tied directly to your line (Bottom Bouncers / Bead Chain Sinkers). The other is sliding: which allows the fishing line to slide or pass through the weight from a hole or a eyelet. The same principle applies in using sinkers for your set-up use the lightest possible sinker in order to detect fish strikes.

Popular Common Sinkers / Weights Types:

Split Shot

Pinches easily onto your line where you want to set depth at. Removes just as easy by pinching the other end. Used for live bait and lures.

Split Shot Rig

This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. The nice thing is, you don’t have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line; just pinch it on and off.

Stream Rig

The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead, salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations, such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water.

Rubber Core

Attach to line thorugh the slot in the sinker and twisting the inner rubber core around line to secure it. Used when heavier weight is required.

Drop Shot

Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights, round or rectangular of lead or tungsten and come with a tie on clip on the top. The weights range from 1/8oz to 1/2oz.

Drop Shot Rig
The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community, walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes.

Bottom Bouncer
The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks, logs, over mud/sand flats, or open basins. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags.

Bead Chain / Trolling
Great for trolling lighter lures with out having to use lead core line or downriggers

Similar to the walking sinker but comes in heavier weights 1oz-6oz Squared edge design helps you keep your bait where you want it.

As the name implies it is shaped like a Bullet used on Texas rigs in front of the worm, lizards or on Carolina rigs, with it’s pointed nose it slides easily through the weeds or wood with out getting snagged. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.

Carolina Rig
The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging.

All around general sinker used on many rigs, the top loop makes it easy to tie on or let the weight slide up and down the line. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.

Three Way Rig
The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig.

Used in fast water currents lays flat on the bottom where snags are a problem. Weight Sizes 1/2 oz to 4 oz.

The egg sinker is used on multiple rigs, as a sliding sinker or pegged to function as a stationary weight. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.

Also known as a No Roll this flat sliding sinker planes right to the bottom and hold for use in heavy current. Weight Sizes 1oz to 8 oz

Great sinker for fishing swift rivers and heavy surf that have a soft bottom (mud and sand) the corners dig in keeping the weight stationary. Weight Sizes 1 oz to 8 oz.

A very popular walleye angler sinker. A rectangular sinker with rounded outside edges a top eye for the line with the bottom slightly wider and larger in size than top, holding more weight. The bottom is also rounded and bent upwards. This allows the sinker to “walk” on the bottom over rocks and rubble reducing the chance of snagging. The semi-flat design also prevents it from rolling in faster currents.
Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 1/2 oz.

Sliding Sinker Bottom Rig
The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you’re targeting it has many names the most common is the trade name Lindy Rig.

Swivels are a simple but yet important part on your fishing gear when it comes to rigging. The swivel keeps your line from twisting, acts as a weight stop on your line along with spreading bottom rigs ( 3-way swivel) for proper presentations. Swivels are also used as a component on a leader to attach your line.


Ball Bearing

Three Way

Snap Swivel

Fishing Bobbers (Floats)

Fishing with a float is one of the most common and simple settings. The float or float presents the bait at a predetermined depth and acts as a strike indicator when the fish bites.

There are a variety colors, shapes and size bobbers available today, lighted or glow for night time fishing, slip bobbers that the fishing line passes through for deep water fishing and the fixed bobber that uses a spring lock or snap for shallow water fishing.

Popular Common Bobbers (Floats)

1. Round Attached
2. Lighted Slip
3. Weighted Spring Attached
4. Glow Slip
5. Slip
6. Antenna Slip 
7. Shy/Light Bite Slip
8. Waggler Slip
9. Large Bait Slip

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