Detailed description of fishing rods and fishing reels

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Rod and Reel Types: Spinning

A spinning rod and reel is designed for use in either freshwater orsaltwater. Available in a wide range of sizes, depending on where you wantto use them. The reel and guides are on the bottom when the rod is heldcorrectly. This rod and reel has a bail that winds the fishing line onto thereel. To cast, lift the bail, hold the fishing line between your finger and therod, and cast while letting go of the fishing line. The spinning reel is alsoknown as the open-face reel or the flip-bail reel.The drag is usually the knob on top of the reel, however, there are somespinning reels with a rear drag. To set the drag correctly, start by releasingthe drag tension. Then, as you pull line from the reel, slowly increase thedrag tension to the proper setting. The best way to measure the setting isto use a fish scale tied to the line, but you can also simply use yourexperience in feeling how much tension is best as you pull on the line.Remember, you should always be able to pull line through the tension ofthe drag to prevent line breakage.

Spinning Reel Parts and Proper Holding  Buy at Amazon discount

The proper hold for a spinning rod and reel while casting is with index andmiddle fingers above the reel arm, ring and pinky finger behind the reel arm,and thumb wrapped around the rod.

Rod and Reel Types: Bait-Casting  Buy at Amazon discount

A bait-casting rod and reel can be used in either freshwater or saltwater. It isdesigned so the spool that holds the line rotates when letting line out, castingor retrieving line. This rod and reel is available in a wide variety of sizes andstyles for use in many situations. Some have a device to wind the line neatlyonto the spool. The reel and guides are on top when the rod is held correctly.To set the drag, turn the star drag counterclockwise to loosen and clockwise totighten the tension.When casting, place your thumb on the spool to prevent the line from tangling.Press the push button release. Bring the rod back and then forward in one swiftmotion, releasing your thumb from the spool during the forward motion,allowing the bait to be cast. Stop the spool with your thumb as the bait entersthe water. Press the push button release up to the engaged position and slightlyturn the handle to put some pressure on the spool, ensuring it is fully engaged.Bait-casters have a high potential for tangles and require practice to fishproperly. Slightly tightening the tension knob will apply resistance to the spooland allow for better casting control.

Bait-Casting Reel Parts and Proper Holding  Buy at Amazon discount

The proper hold for a bait-caster while casting is with index and middlefingers above the pistol grip, ring and pinky finger behind, and thumbon the spool.

Rod and Reel Types: Conventional 

A conventional rod and reel is generally used to catch large fish from offshore.Most conventional rods are used for trolling or bottom fishing, but not forcasting. However, some newer models are light enough to cast large baits. Likebait-casting reels, conventional reels are designed so the spool holding the linerotates when releasing and retrieving the line. Conventional reels can have twotypes of drag systems, either a star drag or a lever drag. The star drag is locatedbetween the handle and the spool. The knob looks like a star. For a star drag,turn the star counterclockwise to loosen and clockwise to tighten the tension. Alever drag can be easily slid forward to apply more drag or backward to release.Because they have a high potential for tangles, conventional rods and reels takepractice to fish properly.

Conventional Reel Parts and Proper Holding

The best way to hold the rod while fighting a fish is to have your dominatehand on the reel handle while your non-dominate hand is holding the rodabove the reel. A fish fighting belt, harness and chair can also aid inreeling in the big fish.

Rod and Reel Types: Fly  Buy at Amazon discount

Fly rods and reels are called flies and use the weight of the line to carry thelure to the fish. Lures for fly-fishing are light and made from feathers, fur andfiber. Fly-fishing requires training and lots of practice to fish properly.

Fly Reel Parts

Rod and Reel Maintenance

All rods and reels need to be lightly rinsed with freshwater after each use.Avoid excessive water from a high pressure source as this may push salt and/ordebris inside the reel. Wipe down reels with a rag or towel after rinsing. Thenlightly oil and grease the easily accessible moving parts. Lubricate the followingon the spinning reel: line roller or guide, bail hinge, crank handle knobs andshaft, beneath the anti-reverse switch, and where the center shaft exits thetop of the reel. In the other reels, lubricate some of the same spots as thespinning reel and any location that rotates. Lubricating the moving parts isgood practice after every fishing trip.After rinsing your reel, always release the drag on it. Storing reels for anextended period of time with the drag engaged compresses the drag washersand decreases their ability to properly function. Store rods vertically orhorizontally with at least two contact points. Never lean rods against a wall orsomething that bends the rod tip. Always store the rods so that they remainstraight.

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